Word Work 3/9-3/13

Spelling: Words with r-controlled vowels: ar, er, ir, or, ur

  1. alarm
  2. article
  3. beginner
  4. birth
  5. burning
  6. bursts
  7. churn
  8. harden
  9. observe
  10. scorch
  11. sorting
  12. squirt
  13. stir
  14. stormy
  15. whirl

Watch-Out Words

  • peak
  • peek
  • sea
  • see

Grammar: Demonstrative Adjectives and Articles

Some adjectives tell “which one or ones”

  • Use this or these to tell that an object is near. (I like reading this book. These stories are funny.)
  • Use that or those to tell if an object is far. (That book wasn’t as interesting to me. Those kids liked it, though.)

Use a or an to talk about something in general. Use an if the following word begins with a vowel. Use the to talk about something specific.


Vocabulary: Science and Academic Vocabulary words

ground, mixture, sand, water, wetland, area, combine, composition, firm, surface


Word Work 3/2-3/6

Spelling: Words with Long u: ui, ue

  1. blue
  2. clues
  3. cue
  4. due
  5. flue
  6. fruits
  7. glue
  8. juice
  9. pursuit
  10. revenue
  11. sue
  12. suits
  13. true
  14. value
  15. virtue

Watch-Out Words

  • guessed
  • guest
  • hole
  • whole


Grammar: Irregular Comparison Adjectives and Articles

The words good and bad tell about one thing. They have irregular forms when used to compare:

  • To compare two things, use better or worse.
  • To compare three or more things, use best or worst.

The words the, a, and an are articles.

  • Use a or an to talk about something in general. Use an if the following word begins with a vowel.
  • Use the to talk about something specific.


Vocabulary: Antonyms

Antonyms are words that have opposite meanings. For example freeze is an antonym for melt.


Word Work for 2/24-2/28

Spelling: Words with Long i: ie, igh

  1. dried
  2. flashlight
  3. flight
  4. fried
  5. frightful
  6. higher
  7. lied
  8. lightly
  9. nightmare
  10. pried
  11. sigh
  12. slightly
  13. sunlight
  14. tried
  15. untied

Watch-Out Words

  • die
  • dye
  • cell
  • sell


Grammar: Adjectives and Comparison Adjectives

An adjective describes, or tells about, a noun. It usually comes before the noun it describes.

For most adjectives, add -er followed by than to compare two things. If the adjective has three or more syllables, use more followed by than. When you make a comparison, use -er or more.

  • The morning was warmer than the afternoon.
  • Snow in Tucson is more unusual than sunny weather.

For most adjectives, add -est to compare three or more things. Use the before the adjective. If an adjective has three or more syllables, use the most before the adjective. When you make a comparison of three or more things, use -est or most before the adjective.

  • Is a snowflake the quietest thing to fall?
  • Snow is the most amazing form of water.


Social Studies and Academic Vocabulary:

form, freeze, liquid, melt, solid, temperature, thermometer, alter, occur, state, substance, trap, character, connection, scene

Word Work 2/3-2/7

Spelling: Verbs ending in -ing

  1. announcing
  2. attending
  3. beautifying
  4. collecting
  5. considering
  6. doubling
  7. educating
  8. erasing
  9. forgiving
  10. gathering
  11. hiring
  12. mistreating
  13. notifying
  14. realizing
  15. spreading

Watch-Out Words

  • bring
  • take
  • where
  • were


Grammar: Forms of be and have

The verb to be is a linking verb. It links the subject of a sentence to a noun that tells what the subject is. Or it links the subject to a word that describes the subject. The verb to be has special forms: 

  • I am
  • You are
  • She/he/it is
  • We are
  • They are

The verb to have can be a main verb telling what the subject has. The verb to have can also be the helping verb before the main verb. The verb to have has special forms:

  • I have
  • You have
  • She/he/it has
  • We have
  • They have


Vocabulary: Classify Words

You can group, or classify words that tell about the same topic. This gives a deeper understanding of the topic.

Word Work: 1/27-1/31

Spelling: Verbs ending in -ed

  1. arranged
  2. blessed
  3. calmed
  4. comforted
  5. commanded
  6. completed
  7. eased
  8. emptied
  9. included
  10. joined
  11. opposed
  12. planted
  13. pitied
  14. provided
  15. worried

Watch-Out Words

  • some
  • sum
  • we’d
  • weed

Grammar: Helping Verbs/Forms of Do

A helping verb works with an action verb. The action verb is the main verb.

  • The helping verb can tells that someone is able to do something.
  • The helping verb could tells that someone has a choice or something is possible.
  • Use must to tell that somebody has to do something.
  • Use should to give an opinion or advice.

The helping verb do adds emphasis to a verb.

  • Use the form do with I, you, we, and they
  • Use the form does with he, she, and it.


Social Studies and Academic Vocabulary:

agriculture, crop, farmer, field, harvest, plow, alternative, conservation, evidence, future, method, opinion, summarize

Word Work for 1/6-1/10

Spelling: Words with Long a: ai, ay

  1. daydream
  2. exclaim
  3. failure
  4. gains
  5. mainly
  6. painful
  7. payment
  8. playful
  9. raising
  10. saint
  11. straight
  12. stray
  13. unpaid
  14. vain
  15. x-ray

Watch-Out Words

  • lay
  • lie
  • plane
  • plain


Grammar: Verbs

  • If the subject tells about one other person or thing, add -s to an action verb. For other subjects, do not add -s.
  • Most verbs are action verbs. And action verb tells what the subject does.
  • To show the present tense for the subject he, she, or it, add -s to the end of most action verbs.
  • If a verb ends in x, ch, sh, ss, or z, add -es.


Social Studies and Academic Vocabulary:

advertisement, buyer, market, money, pay, seller, accomplish, cooperation, determine, paraphrase, planety, purpose, theme, plenty

Word Work 12/9 – 12/13

Spelling: Plurals with -s and -es

  1. acres
  2. bananas
  3. branches
  4. bulbs
  5. bunches
  6. bushes
  7. carrots
  8. floods
  9. labels
  10. meadows
  11. melons
  12. messes
  13. patterns
  14. recesses
  15. speeches

Watch-Out Words

  • sew
  • sow
  • so

Vocabulary Strategy: Suffixes

A suffix is a word part that comes at the end of a word. It changes the word’s meaning.

Some common suffixes are:

-y (full of)

-less (without)

-ness (the state of)

-er (someone who)

-tion (state of)

-ful (full of, with a lot of)

-est (the most or best)


Grammar: Noncount Nouns

A noncount noun: cannot be counted, has one form that does not change,

Do not use  or an before a noncount noun.

Use a singular verb with a noncount noun.


Word Work for 12/2 – 12/6

Spelling: Words with VCe and long and short vowels

  1. alive
  2. awaken
  3. decorate
  4. entire
  5. grape
  6. hike
  7. lonely
  8. mole
  9. prune
  10. quite
  11. roses
  12. spruce
  13. stake
  14. twice
  15. volume

Watch-Out Words

  • rose
  • rows
  • die
  • dye


Grammar: Irregular Plurals and Noncount Nouns

Some nouns show the plural in different ways (ex: child – children, foot – feet, mouse – mice).

Some nouns use the same form for singular and plural (ex: deer, fish, sheep, moose).

Some nouns cannot be counted. They have only one form for singular or plural (ex: wood, snow, rain, sunshine).


Scientific and Academic Vocabulary: city, desert, rainforest, vine, weed, main idea, details, diversity, environment, organism, protect, unique

Word Work 11/18-11/22

Spelling: Multisyllabic Words
Practice online at Spelling City: https://www.spellingcity.com/users/AGould3B

  1. autumn
  2. bamboo
  3. couple
  4. entrance
  5. familiar
  6. greenery
  7. hobby
  8. magnify
  9. ordinary
  10. poison
  11. powder
  12. properly
  13. recognize
  14. scatter
  15. separate

Watch-Out Words

  • berry
  • bury
  • beet
  • beat


Grammar: Count Nouns

singular noun names one person, place, or thing. A plural noun names more than one.

Add -s to most nouns to show more than one. Add -es to nouns that end in ch, sh, ss, x, z, and sometimes o.

For count nouns that end in a consonant plus y, change the y to i and add –es. For nouns that end in a vowel plus y, just add -s.

Never change the base spelling of a proper name. Just add -s or -es depending on the final consonant.


Vocabulary Strategy: Multiple Meaning Words

Some words have more than one meaning. You can use context, or the words near the word, to figure out the correct meaning.

Word Work for 11/11-11/15

Spelling: Words with long e, i and o

  1. armload
  2. beaming
  3. carefree
  4. clover
  5. delight
  6. event
  7. feature
  8. fiber
  9. greenhouse
  10. local
  11. odor
  12. peanut
  13. potato
  14. tidal
  15. zebra

Watch-Out Words

  • heal
  • heel
  • he’ll


Grammar: Complex Sentences

  • A complex sentence has an independent clause and one or more dependent clauses.
  • A conjunction joins the dependent clause to the independent clause.
  • If the dependent clause come first, put a comma after it.



Science Vocabulary:

blossom, cycle, root, seed, soil, sprout, event, order, sequence


Academic Vocabulary:

characteristic, conditions, depend, growth, produce, inference